What are vulval disorders?

Vulval disorders are some of the most common problems encountered by gynaecologists but sadly many women don’t seek primary care analysis or treatment for disorders of this nature, often due to embarrassment. Here, Dr Tania Adib sheds some light on vulval disorders.

What are the most common vulval disorders?

– Epithelial conditions, such as contact dermatitis, lichen sclerosus, and lichen planus. These conditions often lead to a scratch – itch cycle and can result in thickened, excoriated skin, discharge problems, lesions, and possible infection. These conditions are easy to diagnose and can clear up when simple treatment programmes are in place.

– Vulval disease is often dermatological, caused by irritants like soaps, spermicide or panty liners. Treatments can vary, however, this form of dermatitis responds well to a variety of treatments. Treatment options include dermal washes, barrier creams and possibly steroids.

– Ulcers are a fairly common vulval condition but can be indicative of more serious concerns. Therefore, it’s always important to opt for specialist examination. Some of the most common causes of vaginal ulcers include erosive lichen sclerosus, herpes simplex and candidiasis. However, ulcers can also be an indication of Crohn’s disease, primary syphilis or chancroid.

The benefits of gynaecological examination

The major benefit of any gynae examination, of course, is to put your mind at rest about the vulval disorder you’re experiencing. It’s really important to catch any disorder at the earliest stage possible, that way more treatment options are available, and the disorder can be cleared up at the soonest.

One major example of beneficial gynaecological examination is that VIN (vulval intraepithelial neoplasia) can be diagnosed at the early stage. This is an abnormal skin condition of the vulva, which can develop into cancer over time. Although not all women diagnosed with VIN will go on to develop vaginal cancer, it is always a possibility. Many specialists term this a pre-cancerous condition, and treatment depends on VIN type.

If you are concerned about any type of vulval disorder or gynaecological issue, get in touch with Dr Tania Adib today.