What is endometriosis and what causes it?

One of the more common gynaecological conditions which women can suffer from is endometriosis. This painful disorder sees tissue which would normally line the inside of the uterus actually grow outside of it. Endometriosis is usually found in the ovaries, the tissue which lines your pelvis and the fallopian tubes. There are four stages commonly associated with this condition and it ranges in severity depending on which stage you are at.

How does endometriosis happen?

If you suffer from this medical disorder, endometrial tissue which has been displaced becomes trapped inside your body. It begins to cause problems for women in relation to the menstrual cycle. The displaced tissue gets thicker and bleeds with every cycle but has nowhere to go. Over time, this can cause cysts on your ovaries and also scar tissue or adhesions to form. As well as being painful, this condition can also lead to fertility problems which is why getting it treated is key.

What are the common signs of endometriosis?

Although there is a range of symptoms and each person will experience it differently, there are a few common signs to look out for. The biggest one is periods which are more painful than usual and where the pain lasts for longer than normal. Heavy or abnormal bleeding when on your period is also another symptom to watch out for. Many women also complain of pain during sexual intercourse with this disorder.

What should you do if you think you have endometriosis?

The best course of action to take is to see a medical professional. While your own Doctor may be able to help a little, it is normally advised to see a specialist medical professional who has expertise in this area. The first step is usually to chat with them so they can begin to build up a picture of your symptoms. After this, they may decide on a number of ways to further investigate the issue – this may be a simple pelvic examination, an MRI scan or laparoscopic surgery. If it is found you have endometriosis, then you may be prescribed a course of pain medication, hormone replacement therapy or need surgery to solve the problem more effectively.

If you are having problems with endometriosis or need help diagnosing it, get in touch today. For advice from the best gynaecologist London has to offer, we are the people to trust.