What are the causes of abnormally heavy periods?

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If you suffer from heavy or prolonged periods, there may be an underlying reason. Although most of us may suffer from irregularity from time to time, it may be best to be seen by a professional gynaecologist to rule out serious causes. Often these causes can be simple and therefore you don’t need to worry too much, but it is always best to get checked out. Here are the main reasons for heavy or irregular periods:

1. Hormones

One of the most common reasons behind heavy periods is a hormonal imbalance. If you have recently started your period, there will likely be a fluctuation in the regularity and heaviness of your period. This is a fairly common occurrence in the first few years. If you notice symptoms of this type later in life, you could take birth control tablets to regulate your cycle and get you back on track. Oestrogen and progesterone are the two hormones which keep your cycle regulated, however, if they become imbalanced, irregularity or a change in blood flow is likely.

2. Cervical polyps

Often, heavy bleeding or irregularity of periods can be the cause of small, non-cancerous growths in the uterus. Although they aren’t serious, they are often caused by an infection or an imbalance in oestrogen and progesterone. Those who have given birth previously and are over the age of 20 are more likely to suffer from this particular cause.

3. Stress

There is also a high likelihood that abnormal bleeding is related to stress and anxiety. Stress can have a major impact on hormones, which can then have a knock-on effect on your menstrual cycle.

4. Cancer

Les commonly, abnormal or heavy bleeding during menstruation could be a sign of cancer. Cancer within the organs of the cervix, vagina, uterus or ovaries could be the origin of the bleed.

If you are in any doubt whatsoever, always ensure you take a trip to see a gynaecologist. We can provide gynaecological cancer screenings and research into your case. We are located at the Queen’s Hospital, London. For more information, please have a browse of our website today.

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